Air Transport

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Air Transport

Definition of Air Transport

Air transport is an aircraft design for transporting passengers and freight from one location to another in the air using airplanes, jets, rockets helicopters, and drones. Each of these type of air transport has a unique way of achieving speed and the sustainability of it voyage, However there are other types of air transport which may or may not be used for conveying goods, but could be used for recreational purposes, they include,hot air balloons, blimps,gliders,hang gliding,parachuting etc.

Air travel can be separated into two general classifications: national/domestic and international flights. Flights from one point to another within the same country are called domestic flights. Flights from a point in one country to a point within a different country are known as international flights. Travelers can use domestic or international flights in either private or public travel.

Types of air transport

  1. Commercial airplanes
  2. Helicopters
  3. Private planes
  4. Blimps
  5. Gliders
  6. hang gliders
  7. Zeppelin
  8. parachute

Commercial airplanes: these are the common ways in which people travel through the air, the commercial planes provide a fast means of transportation compared to other modes of transport such as road transport, rail transport and water transport. Airplanes are capable of carrying hundreds of people from on location to another at a time; the seating is sometimes divided into two or four classes. For instance, most domestic flights usually have two classes which are: First Class and Economy Class. While international flights may have up to four classes such as First Class, Club Class, Business Class, Premium Economy and Economy Class.

Helicopters: helicopters are another fast means of air transport; these move people through the air. Helicopters when compared with commercial airplanes are much more limited when it comes to passengers space and can only transport a few people at a time, whereas some commercial airplanes can transport hundreds of people at a time.

Private planes: private planes are made to provide transportation service for a single person or at most five (5) people at a time. Private planes range from the smallest Cessna to luxury jets such as the Citation CJ1, which carries up to five people in leather-seated comfort. These planes provide comfort and privacy during the trip and these could travel from one location to another for a business purpose or for pleasure.

Blimps: blimps and hot air balloons are used to transport people for recreational purposes. They cover a limited area that enables tourists to see a location on a larger scope than if they tried to view the area from the ground. Blimps used to be a form of commercial transport but are no longer used for that.

Glider: a glider, which is also called sailplane,is a type ofglider aircraftused in the sport ofgliding or for recreational activity. Sailplanes are aerodynamically streamlined and are capable of gaining altitude when flown in rising air. Some modern gliders are made of analuminium, alloyorcompositeframe covered with syntheticsailcloth which forms the wings.

Rocket: a rocket is any vehicle that uses arocketengine; it includes amissile,spacecraft,aircraftor othervehicle. Rockets have been used at least since the 13th century for small-scale military applications and recreational displays. Rockets work more in space than in the atmosphere, the engines work byaction and reactionof pushing the rockets forward simply by expelling their exhaust in the opposite direction at high speed, and can therefore work in the vacuum of space.

Zeppelin: a Zeppelinwas a type ofrigid airshipnamed after the GermanCountFerdinand von Zeppelin, it consists of a cigar-shaped, trussed, and covered frame supported by internal gas cells. Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin designed Zeppelinin the early 20th century. Zeppelins almost look like blimps but they differ by two points: Zeppelins have a metal skeleton with a rigid covering, and they use hydrogen gas to float. These two elements made zeppelins larger when compared to blimps.

Parachute: this is a cloth canopy that is filled with air and allows a person, package or a heavy object attached to it to descend slowly when dropped from an aircraft, or which is released from the rear of an aircraft on landing to act as a brake. Back then, the military developed parachuting technology as a way of saving aircrews from emergencies aboard balloons and aircraft in flight, and later as a way of delivering soldiers to the battlefield. Nowadays, parachuting is performed as are creational activity and as a competitive sport in various places.

Reference:

 

1. www.jotscroll.com/…/air-transport-definition-types-development-advantages-disadvanta…

2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_travel

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