Archaeology

Are you always curious to explore with a thirst for knowledge?

If your answer is “yes”, then Archaeology is the best profession for you.

Definition of Archaeology:

Archaeology is the study of human history and pre-history through the excavation of sites and the analysis of other physical remains.

Archaeology as a Social Science:

Though some categorize archaeology as a part of natural science, some methodologies of archaeology can be categorized under social sciences. For example, the study of human society and their development at various stages of history can be considered under social science.

So, archaeology as a part of social science helps in interpreting and preserving historical data.

Branches of Archaeology:

Archaeological disciplines can be categorized based on their method of study as:

  • Computational Archaeology
  • Archaeobotony
  • Calceology
  • Archaeoastronom
  • Paleopathalogy
  • Urban Archaeology
  • Underwater Archaeology
  • Environmental Archaeology
  • Experimental Archaeology
  • Phoeniciology
  • Industrial Archaeology
  • Maritime Archaeology
  • Landscape Archaeology
  • Osteology
  • Forensic archaeology
  • Archaeometry
  • Archaeozoology
  • Battlefield Archaeology

Job of an Archaeologist:

Archaeologists study past human activity. Major responsibilities of an archaeologist include:

  • Collecting, analyzing and interpreting data.
  • Examining and preserving artifacts.
  • Planning surveys and excavations.
  • Creating virtual simulations of sites or artifacts.
  • Recording sites using drawings, detailed notes and photography.
  • Producing and publishing excavation and site reports.

Educational qualification to be an Archaeologist:

The minimum academic qualification to be an archaeologist is a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or a Bachelor of Arts (B.A) degree. The candidate should major in either archaeology or anthropology and should have participated in at least one season of archaeological excavation work on-site.

Scope for Archaeology:

Demand for archaeologists is high in India due to its rich cultural heritage. Qualified students are offered jobs by various government and private museums, national organizations and archaeological universities and trusts as lecturer, museum curator, archaeologist, conservation officer, documentation specialist and museum education officer.

Salary of an Archaeologist:

In India, a fresher archaeologist can expect a salary between 2.5 to 3.5 lakhs per year. Experienced and well qualified professional earn about 5 to 8 lakhs per annum.

The salary package can further increase depending on education, sector, working area, skills and experience.

Entrance exams for Archaeology:

Top institutions conduct their own entrance exams for admissions regarding archaeology. University Grants Commission (UGC) and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) are the commonly written entrance exams.

Top Colleges for Archaeology:

Top colleges to pursue archaeology are:

  • Institute of Archaeology, ASI, New Delhi.
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
  • Barkatullah Vishwavidhyalaya, Bhopal.
  • The Delhi Institute of Heritage Research and Management, New Delhi.
  • Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana.
  • Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Punjab University, Chandigarh.
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