FROM UNTOUCHABLE TO DALIT

From Untouchable to Dalit

Dr Ambedkar, the revered leader of the Dalits, declared that the main cause which is responsible for the fate of the untouchables in Hindu religion and its teachings. While historians of Ancient India have speculated on the Origins of untouchability during the largest surveys and while modern days sociologist have studied cast as a social phenomenon, Arun Prabha Mukherjee says some amount of hesitation and reluctance… among Indologists and historians to study the history of the untouchables Mukherjee is the only Scholars besides mbedkar to have done a book length study of the Origins of untouchability. while her book is extremely illuminating Ambedkar work copious and eloquent, investigates the problem of untouchability from an insider’s perspective and is therefore you need for Ritz combination of historical social logical political and experimental perspectives.

there is a little historical information of either textual or archaeological nature about the Institutions of caste and untouchability.

said Mukherjee again:

after a long and tedious wandering through the Labyrinth of innumerable text one May find a word or a line about people not like by the author and even when the relevant material is found one must ask question who writes for whom?

these words of frustration about the lack of audience has been scored by many historians of Ancient India as the Mukherjee’s question the answer from DD Kosambi the pioneering historian of Ancient India is the most surviving Sanskrit literature has been the creation of brahmins are in their position or and some waste time by Brahmanism.

there is a General concept consensus that the phenomena of caste and untouchability evolved over a period because of conflicts over land resources and cultural practices between a people who called them self Aryans when they begin arriving in India about the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC. and the various communities of indigenous people that trains from citizens of highly developed cities States to forest dwelling Hunters and gatherers and intime these conflicts produced the chaturvarna system, meaning for graduation comprised of Brahmin Kshatriya Vaishya and Shudra arrange in hierarchical order at the top of this power structures for Brahmin performance of rituals and keepers of Sacred text the Vedas the smritis And The Puranas and kshatriyas who is rulers and Warriors patronise the brahmins and commissions the rituals including the Yagna ritual of animal sacrifices and gifts to brahmins. all the constantly feeding between themselves for control of power 20 21 years loaded over the measures the cultivators and the traders and the shudras the servitors and performers of menial task the shudras were denied the ritual of upaniyana are the sacred thread ceremony, describe the three winners about them the status of visa or twice born after undergoing The Spiritual symbolising a second birth day good study Vedas not having the right to this ritual the shudras are once born on the ones from the form of a woman most. Mukherjee speculates that the Aryans made strategic Alliance with the autochthonous groups and the friendly or powerful among them were incorporated into varna system at the higher-level Shudra category on the other hand probably owes its origin to the non-wealthy, conquered and hostile groups. Mukherjee speculates for that ascetic society based on agriculture and industry involved in Asian India the four fold varna system was further divided by a Jati  space division task with being a group whose membership came with the birth and which maintain its operation by practising endogamy and commensality the caste system Sheesha just allowed for a better knit Social Organisation in which privilege groups could maintain their exclusiveness more stringently than in the four large divisions of varna system the number of caste and stratification among them increased as more and more newcomers were incorporated into the varna system.

Ambedkar thinks that untouchability was born around AD.

it is born out of the struggle of Supremacy between Buddhism and Brahmanism which has so completely moulded the history of India and study of which is so woefully neglected by students of Indian history.

the ideological differences between Dalits and caste Hindus over the Vedas and the others sacerdotal text chaturvarna and caste system calls to Deep rift between the lips and the Congress leadership which was dominated by high caste Hindus and derided by Ambedkar as a bourgeois Brahmin organisation. Gandhi for example believe that the caste system and untouchability were distortions that could be purse from the Hinduism without discarding chaturvarna which he believed to be unique gift of India to the world civilization in field that untouchables must not be performing their hereditary functions because that is what the varna system and joints upon every Hindu

writing in Harijan on 6 March 1937 he said mean is one born as Scavenger must earn his livelihood by being a scavenger and then do whatever I’ll see likes for a Scavenger is a worthy of his higher as a lawyer or your president that according to make Hinduism there is no better Communism on earth VarnAshram Dharma acts even as the law of gravitation the law firm is the emphasis of competition which kills.

Ambedkar default radically from Gandhi on the question of reforming Hinduism where is Gandhi believed in removal of intellectual untouchability through finance and acts of social service by caste Hindus as opposed to mandated changes in the law Ambedkar used the language of rights and legislative remedies similarly while Gandhi and the other Congress leaders thought in terms of the temple and tree and the interlining Ambedkar name untouchability to the economic destitution of the untouchables constantly reiterating how they were denied education ownership of land and jobs above the level of vengeance sanitary and other menial occupations and were also forced to provide their labour against their will and without any control over the wages.

DALITS are the some Major ports in India Today playing the diseases role in shaping the future spread over the entire country speaking many languages and belonging to many religions they are certainly not a homogeneous community however they continue to face certain problems which emanated from their status of untouchables the Explorer scholar Bhagwandas provides a comprehensive snapshot of how untouchability effects day to day lives of the late today.

land holding upper caste people in villages do not allowed the Dalits to be in a decent clothes cast vote freely ride on a horse in marriage procession draw water from a public well sit in a court while the upper caste man is standing in cities a student ground into steel cast is purpose is given low marks and officer is free just as incompetent and insufficient just because of his birth in a and an untouchable cast a professor a lawyer a doctor and architect for an untouchable family is considered an efficient and inferior without even seem his performance of patient refuses to be treated by the scheduled caste doctor and house owner refuses to let vacant house to him for the fear of pollution of superior gives a bad reports to a Dalit sub ordinate in order to of structures promotion in everyday talk in the canteens buses.  trains and airplanes officers and establishment Xperia XA cast on the men and women of untouchable origin and derogatory remarks are passed Universities and colleges abusing the power of power and authority given to at autonomous bodies close the doors of progress to students’ teachers and employees to protect that Merit and with fake certificates unfair practices in examination nepotism and corruption.

there are many points of conjecture between Marxist and Dalit perspectives on the world society and literature anterior strike limbal feel that the little literature and literary theory should not be rejected reject mass is Marxism just because Indian Marxist have ignored cast field operation completely forgetting the truth of Ambedkar observation that caste creates a division of workers never the less there is Among many Dalit writers considerable suspicion masses theory and Indian masses Allah says that Marxism in India lost its Revolutionary h because it files into the hands of most reactionary forces the brahmins the banners and the new kshatriyas on debit says that Indian leftists have not paid adequate attention to the cultural and symbolic issues they have not confronted the meaning and forms of the Brahmic hegemonizing of Indian culture.

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3 thoughts on “FROM UNTOUCHABLE TO DALIT

  1. Johnson Lack says:

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