Krishna Kamal Flower, A Traditional Plant, and its Medicinal Importance
Krishna Kamal Flower is also known as the Passion Flower. The Scientific name of the flower is Passiflora Incarnata. It belongs to the family Passifloraceae.
Passionflower vine produces very beautiful white flowers with purple, blue, or pink calyx crown blooms. The blooming period is from May to July but it flowers almost all the year round.
The leaves are alternate, palmately five-lobed 10–18 cm long and wide. The flower is complex, about 10 cm diameter, with the five sepals and petals similar in appearance, whitish in color, surmounted by a corona of blue or violet filaments, then five greenish-yellow stamens and three purple stigmas. The fruit is a smooth, yellow, ovate berry containing numerous seeds.
Some species produce small berry-like fruit called granadilla or water lemon. The aerial parts of the plant are gathered during a fruiting season and then dried for future processing.
It’s said that passion flower got its name because its corona resembles the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ during the crucifixion. It symbolizes Christ’s suffering on the cross. It is more commonly known as the crown of thorns.
Constituents of Passiflora Incarnate
The Active Constituents of Passion flower mainly are alkaloids, flavonoids, and related compounds.
Alkaloids: Indole alkaloids of the b-carboline type are Harman, harmol, harmine, harmalol and harmaline.
Flavonoids (up to 2.5%): Vitexin, aglycones apigenin, chrysin (5,7- hydroxyflavone), luteolin, quercetin, and kaempferol. C-glycosides of apigenin and of luteolin and related flavonoids.
Other constituents: Cyanogenic glycoside gynocardin, gbenzopyrones maltol, and ethylmaltol, polyacetylene passion, essential oil, amino acids, fatty acids, sugars etc.
Medicinal Uses of Krishna Kamal Flower
Passion flower is a beautiful ornamental plant which is cultivated for its impressive white, blue, purple flowers, edible fruits, and medicinal properties. It is suggested to use the whole plant either dried or fresh for medicinal purposes.
The plant was initially used by Native Americans as a tonic, relaxant, and tranquilizer. Later it reached Europe and now it is listed in the pharmacopeias of Great Britain, United States, India, France, Germany, Switzerland, and others.
This herb is particularly beneficial in the management of disorders related to the brain.
Important Medicinal Properties
Passiflora incarnata is rich in medicinal properties. The understanding of these properties will help us to better utilize this herb. These also indicate the conditions in which we should avoid it.
For example, the aerial parts are hypotensive and lower blood pressure and therefore the use of herb should be avoided in hypotension. Also, it must not be taken in excess due to sedative and tranquilizing action.
Below are important medicinal properties along with the meaning.
- Anti-addictive: Used to prevent or treat addiction, stops chemical reactions that cause nausea and vomiting because of withdrawal from cocaine, heroin or opiate painkillers.
- Antiasthmatic: Treat or prevent asthma attacks.
- Anticonvulsant: Prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic fits or other convulsions.
- Antidepressant: Used to alleviate depression.
- Antidiabetic: Control blood glucose levels amongst people with diabetes.
- Antiepileptic: Significantly reduces the severity of seizures.
- Anti-inflammatory: Reduces inflammation.
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Dosage of Passiflora Incarnata
Passiflora incarnata is available as a liquid extract, tablets (425mg of dried extract), tea (dried coarse powder), and tincture.
Take any of the below preparation for anxiety, tenseness, restlessness and irritability with difficulty in falling asleep, mild symptoms of mental stress, pain etc.
- Traditionally, the recommended dosage is 4–6 g herb daily. Take flowers in a dose of 1–2 tablespoons per day.
- The tablet(425mg of dried extract) is taken in a dose of one tablet/day for symptoms associated with stress such as mild anxiety. Tablets should be swallowed whole with a little liquid. The tablets should not be chewed.
- For insomnia, disturbed sleep from mental worry and exhaustion resulting from excitement or circular thinking passionflower tea or tincture is useful.
- To reduce stress, restlessness, irritability, insomnia, and nervous tension it is advised to take 0.5–2 g of dried plant and three times daily. 2 g of the herb can be taken as an infusion three to four times daily.
Thus Krishna Kamal flower is we can say is the Passionate flower.