MUMBAI SUBURBAN RAILWAY

download (1)

MUMBAI SUBURBAN RAILWAYS 

Mumbai Suburban Railway consists of exclusive inner suburban railway lines augmented by commuter rail on main lines serving outlying suburbs to serve the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Spread over 465 kilometres (289 mi), the suburban railway operates 2,342 train services and carries more than 7.5 million commuters daily. By annual ridership (2.64 billion), the Mumbai Suburban Railway is one of the busiest commuter rail systems in the world and it has the most severe overcrowding in the world. Trains run from 04:00 until 01:00, and some trains also run up to 02:30.

Mumbai is home to India’s corporate powerhouses, its entertainment industry, the dreams of an entire nation, and 22 million people who make this city come alive. The rhythmic clatter of local trains searing through the city is the sound of its beating heart (captured by A. R. Rahman in ‘O Saya’ from the soundtrack of Slumdog Millionaire). The city is a cluster of islands that were reclaimed to form a single, sprawling land mass, flanked by the sea on two sides. Owing to geographical constraints, growing towards the north was the only way this city could expand and accommodate the millions of people who have kept surging in over the years. Most business districts, however, are still located towards the south, which means that a vast majority of the city is compelled to traverse great distances to get to work. The Mumbai local trains are the best way to do that. Carrying over 7.4 million passengers every day, they are the lifelines of this city.

 

History

The Mumbai Suburban Railway is an offshoot of the first passenger railway to be built by the British in India, and is also the oldest railway system in Asia. The first train ran between Bori Bunder (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) and Thane, a distance of 34 km, on 16 April 1853 at 15:35. The 14-coach train took 1.25 h to complete the 34 km journey, with a halt at Sion to refill the train’s water tanks. Since 1991, it has been expanded rapidly. The Bombay Railway & History Group has been striving to document railway heritage along this line.

On 3rd Feb 1925, The First EMU Service was started from Victoria Terminus (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) to Kurla Harbour on the Central line which was runs on 1500 V DC Traction and also started on the Western line from Churchgate to Borivali on 5th Jan 1928

On 3rd Feb 1925, The First EMU Service was started from Victoria Terminus (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) to Kurla Harbour on the Central line which was runs on 1500 V DC Traction and also started on the Western line from Churchgate to Borivali on 5th Jan 1928.

 

Central Line

 

The Central Line in Mumbai consists of 3 major corridors, which bifurcate as they run into suburban satellite towns. Two corridors (one local and other through) follow the Central Railway run from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) to Kalyan (54 km), from where it bifurcates into two lines – one to Kasara (67 km) in the north-east and the other to Khopoli(61 km) in the south-east. These two corridors constitute the ‘main’ Central Line. There is also an 18-km corridor between Kurla and Thane stations for use of outstation and cargo trains. The outstation corridor is being extended further from Thane to Kalyan now as a part of the main line, but is halted because of the costs of tunneling the parsik hills

Western Line

The Western Line follows the Western Railway northwards from Churchgate parallel to the west coast. Local services by electric multiple units (EMUs) ply between Churchgate and Dahanu Road (124 km) on exclusive parallel tracks up to Virar (60 km) while Mainline Electrical Multiple Units (MEMUs) service the section beyond Virar to Dahanu Road (64 km). On 16 April 2013 EMU has extended up to Dahanu Road. MEMUs also operate between Dahanu Road and Panvel via a branch line from Bhiwandi road-Vasai Road. There are EMU carsheds at Mumbai Central, Kandivali and Virar. The largest EMU car shed in Asia is located at Virar. A repair shop for EMUs is situated at Mahalaxmi.

Harbour Line

The Harbour Line is part of the Central Railway, and runs from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus(CSMT) to Goregaon and Panvel. All Harbour Line services operate as slow services. The line operates from two separate platforms at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT), and the tracks cross over the main line at Sandhurst Road, to head towards stations along Mumbai’s eastern dock area. A branch line from Wadala Road joins the Western Line at Mahim and continues towards Goregaon.

Trans-Harbour Line

The Trans-Harbour Line connects Navi Mumbai to Thane. It runs from Thane to Vashi, Nerul and Panvel.

Nerul-Uran Line

The Trans-Harbour Line connects Navi Mumbai to Uran. It runs from Nerul and Seawoods Darave to Uran.

 

REFRENCE :

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai_Suburban_Railway

2. https://blog.socialcops.com/intelligence/mumbai-local-trains/

 

 

 

+2

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.