SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN

sawchh bharat abhiyan

 SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN

 

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is a nation-wide campaign in India for the period 2014 to 2019 that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India’s cities, towns, and rural areas. The campaign’s official name is in Hindi and translates to ‘Clean India Mission’ in English. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an “open-defecation free” (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 90 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion). The mission will also contribute to India reaching Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), established by the UN in 2015.

The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest cleanliness drive to date with three million government employees and students from all parts of India participating in 4,041 cities, towns, and rural areas. Modi has called the campaign Satyagrah se Swachhagrah in reference to Gandhi’s Champaran Satyagraha launched on 10 April 1917

The mission has two thrusts: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (“gramin” or ‘rural’), which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (‘urban’), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

As part of the campaign, volunteers, known as Swachhagrahis, or ‘ambassadors of cleanliness’, have promoted indoor plumbing and community approaches to sanitation (CAS) at the village level.Other non-governmental activities include national real-time monitoring and updates from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as The Ugly Indian, Waste Warriors, and SWaCH Pune (Solid Waste Collection and Handling) that are working towards its ideas of Swachh Bharat.

The government has constructed 86 million toilets since 2014, reducing the number of persons who openly defecate from 550 million to fewer than 150 million in 2018.

 

Mahatma Gandhi had rightly said, “Sanitation is more important than Independence”. He was aware of the pathetic situation of Indian rural people at that time and he dreamt of a clean India where he emphasised on cleanliness and sanitation as an integral part of living. Unfortunately, after 67 years of independence, we have only about 30% of the rural households with access to toilets. President Pranab Mukherjee, in his address to Parliament in June 2014, said, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation a “Swachh Bharat Mission” will be launched. This will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019”.

 

First Cleanliness Drive Started on 25 September 2014 :

A cleanliness drive, just before the formal launch of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, was carried out from 25 September till 23 October by all offices up to panchayat level. As a part of the awareness campaign, the Delhi Government also covered more than eight lakh ration card holders by sending sms to their mobile numbers.

Swachh Bharat Launched on 2 October 2014:

The Narendra Modi Government launched the “Swachh Bharat” movement to solve the sanitation problem and waste management in India by ensuring hygiene across the country. Emphasising on “Clean India” in his 2014 Independence day speech, PM Modi said that this movement is associated with the economic activity of the country. The prime objective of the mission is to create sanitation facilities for all. It aims to provide every rural family with a toilet by 2019.

Objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:

The objectives of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan include the following

  1. Construct individual, cluster and community toilets.
  2. Eliminate or reduce open defecation. Open defecation is one of the main causes of deaths of thousands of children each year.
  3. Construct latrines and work towards establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring latrine use.
  4. Create Public awareness about the drawbacks of open defecation and promotion of latrine use.
  5. Recruit dedicated ground staff to bring about behavioural change and promotion of latrine use.
  6. Change people’s mindset towards proper sanitation use.
  7. Keep villages clean.
  8. Ensure solid and liquid waste management through gram panchayats.
  9. Lay water pipelines in all villages, ensuring water supply to all households by 2019.

Reference:

  1. https://www.mapsofindia.com/my…/swachh-bharat-abhiyan-making-india-clean-more
  2. www.pmindia.gov.in/en/major_initiatives/swachh-bharat-abhiyan/
  3. https://www.livemint.com › Politics

 

 

 

 

 

+4

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.