Vietnamese culture

Vietnamese Culture
“The very existence of Viet Nam, a country, and the survival of the Vietnamese as a distinct people, must be regarded as a miracle for which scores of historians have so far tried vainly to find a satisfactory explanation.” ~Joseph Buttinger
Indo-China may be said to mark the easternmost limit of Indian cultural expansion, the regions north of it coming under the Chinese sphere of cultural influence. In Indo-China, the two civilizations(i.e. Indian and the Chinese) met, as the name signifies, and while Cambodia retains its Indian culture, Vietnam is essentially Chinese in its cultural inspirations; and its Buddhism, along with Taoism and Confucianism, came by way of China.
Basically Vietnam gained its formal independence in 1945, before it took another three decades of fighting before the republic of Vietnam was formed. For about a millennium, northern Vietnam remained under Chinese occupation. The Indian motive here was mainly commercial and cultural, while that of China was predominantly political. The Indian princess who established their rule in Vietnam did not carry any political strings from their parent country. They adopted Vietnam as their permanent home and where Vietnamese for all intents and purposes. On the other hand, northern Vietnam fell a prey to the policy of Chinese territorial aggrandizement and was treated as a part Chinese empire. On several occasions, the Vietnam tried to regain their independence from the Chinese domination but their attempts were foiled by the superior military resources of the Chinese. The Vietnamese culture was completely suppressed and the inhabitants were formed to adopt Chinese language, dress, diet and other Chinese ways of living. The people generally suffered from cruelty and oppression. Ultimately in 939 AD, the Vietnamese secured their independence after giving a crushing defeat to the Chinese forces stationed in their country. During next millennium, Vietnam enjoyed peace and prosperity as a sovereign independent state and reached its present dimensions through military conquest. Then followed a period of nearly one hundred years of French domination. The French adopted a policy of repression and did not allow any democratic and constitutional movement to strike root in Vietnam. In due course, it led to a revolutionary movement and then to Communism. The French, while extricating themselves from the sticky mire of Vietnam politics, got the Americans entangled in the meshes of the Communist net. The United States is now so inextricable caught in the trap that she does not find an easy way to get out of it.
The modern Vietnam, a country of Southeast Asia, is an offspring of the Second World War. It formed an integral part of the so called nation of French Indo-China which had not came into being as a product of the natural evolution but was an administrative creation of the French.
The French Indo-China was composed of five political subdivisions, namely Tongking, Annam, Cochin-China, Laos and Cambodia. The first three of these were brought together to form the state of Vietnam after World War II.
It has been seen that Vietnamese culture may be still mysterious and unknown to most people. But now a days more and more people are going to Vietnam for travelling purpose and for doing business. Vietnam’s cities carry the architectural traces of the many phases of its history. The city of Hue, capital of the Nguyen dynasty, features the Citedal and other imperial sites. As far as concern with food Vietnamese consider rice as their dietary staple. And food items preffered by them are pork, fish or meat dishes. Tofu dish is very famous among Vietnamese. As we have scene that caste is basic social culture of every country in the same way in Vietnam also caste system is very rigid. Most of the Vietnamese population is poor. Their annual income in 1990s for a family is estimated at $370. But still, there has been an increase in social stratification based upon wealth. Like, lets consider a businessman or government people have become wealthy so they put other population under them. But still the government of Vietnam plays a vital role in the development of Vietnam in both physical as well as social context. Nowdays in Vietnam several industries and universities have taken place so that they could co-operate with the society. Many specialist have received trained abroad w. despite of all this the overall state of the physical and social sciences is poor due to lack of funding in the country. But still in another few years can see positive signs among the country as well as people.

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